Long-Term Application Of Automated Ki67 Quantification In Routine Breast Cancer Diagnostics
The measurement of cell proliferation via Ki67 immunohistochemistry is an important part of tumor diagnostics leading to treatment decisions. The assessment according to the current guidelines is very time consuming which likely leads to counting only few cells or making the analysis completely estimated in many cases. Here, automated image analysis promises a standardized, time-saving and reproducible assessment.
We prior developed a computerized method that allows for an automated scoring of Ki67. This approach was validated with a study cohort of more than 1000 patients and showed a very high significance in both overall and disease free survival. The aim of this study was to test the capability of this method for the application in the daily routine diagnostics with the concomitant time pressure and huge variability in the patient material and staining results.
The developed computer algorithm and software was applied in daily routine breast cancer diagnostics under real conditions over more than one year. More than 100 cases have been analyzed.
The retrospective analysis showed that the method was capable of accurately processing most of the images. Problems occurred when the counter staining was too weak which made it even difficult to conventionally assess those images. A user interaction was required in some cases to exclude falsely counted non-tumor cells.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
4. In case of virtual slide publication the authors agree to copy the article in a structural modified version to the journal's VS archive.